利用用c.vim插件打造C/C++/PHP集成编辑器

blogdaren 2014-11-05 抢沙发 2285人次

利用c.vim插件可以实现:

  • 添加文件头
  • 添加注释
  • 插入一些代码片段
  • 语法检查
  • 读函数文档
  • 注释代码块

这一插件的作者是 Fritz Mehner, 目标就是打造程序员流畅的编辑环境。

利用c.vim插件还能完成:

  • Statement oriented editing of C / C++ programs
  • Speed up writing new code considerably.
  • Write code and comments with a professional appearance from the beginning.
  • Use code snippets

安装插件:

Step 1: 下载c.vim

$ cd /usr/src
$ wget http://www.vim.org/scripts/download_script.php?src_id=9679

Step 2: 安装

$ mkdir ~/.vim
$ cd ~/.vim
$ unzip /usr/src/cvim.zip

Step 3: 启用这一插件

$ vim ~/.vimrc
filetype plugin on

8 c.vim的使用

Feature 1: Add Automatic Header to *.c file

当你新建一个扩展名.c的文件时候,自动在文件头部增加头部注释

$ vim myprogram.c
/*
* =================================================
*       Filename:  myprogram.c
*
*    Description:
*
*        Version:  1.0
*        Created:  01/19/09 20:23:25
*       Revision:  none
*       Compiler:  gcc
*
*         Author:  Dr. Fritz Mehner (mn), mehner@fh-swf.de *        Company:  FH S??dwestfalen, Iserlohn
*
* =================================================
*/

其中如果你要改变 AUTHOR 和 COMPANY的值, 要修改模板文件 ~/.vim/c-support/templates/Templates

$ vim ~/.vim/c-support/templates/Templates
|AUTHOR|    = geekstuff
|AUTHORREF| = gk
|EMAIL|     = subscribe@geekstuff
|COMPANY|   = thegeekstuff.com

现在编辑一个新文件,看看你的作者和公司名称改变了没有。

$ vim myprogram.c
/*
* =================================================
*
*       Filename:  myprogram.c
*
*    Description:
*
*        Version:  1.0
*        Created:  01/19/09 20:26:43
*       Revision:  none
*       Compiler:  gcc
*
*         Author:  geekstuff (gk), subscribe@geekstuff
*        Company:  thegeekstuff.com
*
* =================================================
*/

Feature 2: 用\if 添加c函数

键入\if 加函数名称 (as shown in Fig1 below) 就会在文件中自动完成函数的定义,就像图二那样。

1.gif
Fig1:Insert C Function Automatically

2.gif
Fig 2:Insert C Function Automatically

Feature 3: 用\im 添加main函数

添加的效果如下:

3.gif
Fig 3: Insert C main function automatically

Feature 4: 用 \cfu 添加函数注释

4.gif
Fig 4: Insert C Function Header Automatically

5.gif
Fig 5: Insert C Function Header Automatically

Feature 5: 用\cfr添加注释框架

6.gif
Fig 6: Insert a Frame Comment Automatically

Feature 6: 用\p<包含头文件

Type \p< in the normal mode, which will include the text “#include <>”, and places the cursor in the < symbol in Insert mode where you can type the header file name.

Feature 7: 保存编译文件.

保存并编译文件 \rc.

运行 \rr.

Feature 8: 用\nr 插入预定义的代码片段

The plugin comes with few pre-defined code snippets that you can insert into your code. Following are the default code snippets that comes with the plugin.

$ ls ~/.vim/c-support/codesnippets
Makefile                        calloc_double_matrix.c  main.c   print_double_array.c.noindent
Makefile.multi-target.template  calloc_int_matrix.c     main.cc  print_int_array.c.noindent

For example, if you want to create a function that will Allocate a dynamic int-matrix of size rows*columns; return a pointer, you can re-use it from the existing code snippets. Following is the content of the calloc_int_matrix.c pre-defined code snippets.

/*
* ===  FUNCTION  ======================================================================
*  Name:  calloc_int_matrix
*  Description:  Allocate a dynamic int-matrix of size rows*columns; return a pointer.
* =====================================================================================
*/
int**
calloc_int_matrix ( int rows, int columns )
{
int   i;
int **m;
m     = calloc ( rows, sizeof(int*) );        /* allocate pointer array     */
assert( m != NULL );                          /* abort if allocation failed */
*m    = calloc ( rows*columns, sizeof(int) ); /* allocate data array        */
assert(*m != NULL );                          /* abort if allocation failed */
for ( i=1; i
m[i]  = m[i-1] + columns;
return m;
}  /* ———-  end of function calloc_int_matrix  ———- */

如果要插入这段代码,可以键入\nr 文件名称,代码就会自动插入。

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本文链接:利用用c.vim插件打造C/C++/PHP集成编辑器

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