JavaScript中如何生成全局唯一标识符(GUID、UUID)?

blogdaren 2018-08-04 抢沙发 505人次

方法-1:

function guid() {
  return 'xxxxxxxx-xxxx-4xxx-yxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx'.replace(/[xy]/g, function(c) {
    var r = Math.random()*16|0, v = c == 'x' ? r : (r&0x3|0x8);
    return v.toString(16);
  });
}

方法-2:

function guid() {
  function S4() {
    return (((1+Math.random())*0x10000)|0).toString(16).substring(1);
  }
  return (S4()+S4()+"-"+S4()+"-"+S4()+"-"+S4()+"-"+S4()+S4()+S4());
}

方法-3:

function uuid(len, radix) {
  var chars = '0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz'.split('');
  var uuid = [], i;
  radix = radix || chars.length;
 
  if (len) {
   // Compact form
   for (i = 0; i < len; i++) uuid[i] = chars[0 | Math.random()*radix];
  } else {
   // rfc4122, version 4 form
   var r;
 
   // rfc4122 requires these characters
   uuid[8] = uuid[13] = uuid[18] = uuid[23] = '-';
   uuid[14] = '4';
 
   // Fill in random data. At i==19 set the high bits of clock sequence as
   // per rfc4122, sec. 4.1.5
   for (i = 0; i < 36; i++) {
    if (!uuid[i]) {
     r = 0 | Math.random()*16;
     uuid[i] = chars[(i == 19) ? (r & 0x3) | 0x8 : r];
    }
   }
  }
  return uuid.join('');
}

方法-4:

function uuid() {
  var s = [];
  var hexDigits = "0123456789abcdef";
  for (var i = 0; i < 36; i++) {
    s[i] = hexDigits.substr(Math.floor(Math.random() * 0x10), 1);
  }
  s[14] = "4"; // bits 12-15 of the time_hi_and_version field to 0010
  s[19] = hexDigits.substr((s[19] & 0x3) | 0x8, 1); // bits 6-7 of the clock_seq_hi_and_reserved to 01
  s[8] = s[13] = s[18] = s[23] = "-";
 
  var uuid = s.join("");
  return uuid;
}

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本文链接:JavaScript中如何生成全局唯一标识符(GUID、UUID)?

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